It is important that the bottom edge of your fence is staked firmly to the ground to prevent deer and smaller critters from digging underneath fences and getting into gardens. These 12" kinked ground stakes are suitable for leafy or average soils, and feature a kinked design that will make any attempt to pull it out of the ground difficult. They are made of durable galvanized steel, and have a 1 inch J hook that will hold the bottom edge of your fence. When driven completely into the ground, these fence stakes will not protrude or pose a hazard to pets or people walking near the fence line. For best results, use 1 12" metal ground stake every 5 feet. Pack of 30.